Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Davis_ 2017 N.J. Superior Court

Key elements in this decision are:

  1. Whether MERS can sign as nominee for an entity that went out of business years before the assignment.
  2. Whether a MERS document was forged or robosigned.
  3. Whether a Power of Attorney actually conveys the rights that the foreclosing party is claiming.
  4. Whether a document can be used without proper foundation — i.e., authentication based upon personal knowledge.
  5. Whether the DiTech or Green Tree names can be used to fill the gaps in the chain
  6. Whether a foreclosing party may simply rely on its allegations in lieu of proof.


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Hat Tip to Michael Bazemore


This decision clearly probes the fictitious documents, testimony and methods used to insert parties into an alleged loan contract for the purpose of foreclosure. You can be sure that the position taken in foreclosures is contrary to the position taken to sell mortgage backed securities or the loans themselves.


The ONLY thing I find troublesome in this decision is that once again, it is assumed that the “borrower” received a loan from a now defunct entity that was a mere sham conduit for the disbursing of slush funds accumulated by the banks. Whenever THAT finally comes under scrutiny, the entire “chain” will be laid bare. The inescapable conclusion in such cases is that there is no loan contract between the borrower and the originator and every document executed after that could not, as a matter of law, convey anything except the fictitious paper.


I have highlighted and annotated the parts of the decision that I think are of importance and helpful to litigators.


Tuesday, October 17, 2017 1:05:00 AM EDT

  1. Bank of N.Y. Mellon v. Davis, 2017 N.J. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 2578
    Court: New Jersey


2017 N.J. Super. Unpub. LEXIS 2578 *

THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, f/k/a THE BANK OF NEW YORK, AS TRUSTEE FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE CERTIFICATEHOLDERS OF THE CWABS, INC.,  [Editor’s Note: BONY is saying (1) that it is not appearing on its own behalf, (2) that it is appearing in a representative capacity, (3) that it is representing certificate holders (without naming them) and (4) with no reference to an organized trust into which any assets have been entrusted to a trustee).

Without the name of a certificate holder who is represented by BONY my opinion is that there is no Plaintiff. This wording from the lawyers sets forth a “hidden” trust (that also probably doesn’t exist) in which the certificate holders have appointed BONY as trustee for their certificates — which are worthless because the certificates were issued by a nonexistent trust that never received any assets to hold in trust]. ASSET-BACKED CERTIFICATES, SERIES 2007-BC3, Plaintiff-Respondent, v. JEFFREY L. DAVIS, MRS. JEFFREY L. DAVIS, his wife, ELISSA M. DAVIS, MRS. DAVIS, husband of ELISSA M. DAVIS, Defendants- Appellants, and STATE OF NEW JERSEY, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Defendants.


Defendants Jeffrey L. Davis and Elissa M. Davis appeal from the April 29, 2016 Chancery Division order granting summary judgment in favor of plaintiff on its foreclosure complaint, and striking defendants’ answer and counterclaim.[1] Defendants seek reversal, citing multiple genuine issues of material fact. Following our review of the record, we vacate and remand.



On March 26, 2007, defendants borrowed $347,000 from Decision One Mortgage Company, LLC (Decision One) [Editor’s Note: As stated above, the assumption that Decision One actually loaned money rather than having been paid a fee to rent its name as “originator” is most probably an incorrect assumption. This leads to the conclusion that the “loan contract” does not exist between ANY of the parties in the chain and the borrower. This is not to say a loan contract or constructive loan contract doles not exist. It clearly does exist between the borrower and the actual creditor(s) who made the loan — whether they knew they were making the loan or not].   to refinance their home in Mount Laurel, secured by a note and non-purchase money mortgage.[2] On April 1, 2010, defendants defaulted on the loan.


On November 9, 2011, MERS assigned the mortgage to plaintiff, and on November 30, 2011, the Burlington County Clerk recorded the assignment.[3]On February 23, 2015, plaintiff mailed defendants a notice of intent to foreclose. After defendants failed to cure the default, plaintiff filed its foreclosure complaint on August 7, 2015.

On September 21, 2015, defendants filed [*2] an answer, which included thirty-six affirmative defenses and a six-count counterclaim. On October 26, 2015, plaintiff filed its answer to defendants’


We apply the same standard as the trial court when reviewing the disposition of a motion for summary judgment.

On March 24, 2016, plaintiff moved for summary judgment. In support of its motion, plaintiff filed a certification signed by

Rebecca Anderson (the Anderson Certification) of Ditech Financial LLC f/k/a Green Tree Servicing LLC (DiTech). In her capacity as a “Document Execution Specialist” for Ditech, Anderson described Ditech as “attorney[-]in[-]fact for” plaintiff and certified she has “complete access and authorization to review [plaintiff’s] business records, including computer records, logs, loan account and related business records for and relating to the borrower’s loan.”


Of note, the Anderson Certification provided no details regarding the power of attorney document that authorized Ditech to act as attorney-in-fact for plaintiff nor did plaintiff otherwise provide a copy of the document with its motion papers.

Defendants opposed plaintiff’s motion on various grounds, including the sufficiency of the Anderson Certification. Defendants also challenged the validity of the assignment of mortgage and note since plaintiff’s [*3] predecessor in interest, Decision One, went out of business in 2007, four years prior to the assignment.

Following oral argument, the motion judge rejected defendants’ arguments, granting summary judgment in plaintiff’s favor and striking defendants’ answer and counterclaim. In a written opinion, the judge found plaintiff established the material facts demonstrating its right to foreclose, namely: (1) the Anderson Certification sufficiently established plaintiff possessed the note prior to filing the foreclosure complaint; (2) plaintiff properly served defendants a notice of intent to foreclose; (3) and defendants defaulted under the note and mortgage’s terms. The judge also held defendants’ “affirmative defenses . . . are nothing more than conclusory arguments devoid of any factual support or reference.”

judgment. W.J.A. v. D.A., 210 N.J. 229, 237 (2012). Summary judgment must be granted if “the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any, show that there is no genuine issue as to any material fact challenged and that the moving party is entitled [*4] to a judgment or order as a matter of law.” R. 4:46-2(c). Without making credibility determinations, the court considers the evidence “in the light most favorable to the non-moving party” and determines whether it would be “sufficient to permit a rational fact finder to resolve the alleged disputed issue in favor of the non-moving party.” Brill v. Guardian Life Ins. Co. of Am., 142 N.J. 520, 540 (1995).

In satisfying its burden, the non-moving party may not rest upon mere allegations or denials in its pleading, but must produce sufficient evidence to reasonably support a verdict in its favor. R. 4:46- 5(a); Triffin v. Am. Int’l Grp., Inc., 372 N.J. Super. 517, 523 (App. Div. 2004). It is against these standards that we evaluate defendants’ substantive arguments.


On appeal, defendants argue the motion record fails to establish plaintiff’s standing to foreclose, alleging deficiencies in the Anderson Certification. Specifically, they emphasize that plaintiff failed to provide basic information, such as the note’s physical location, as well as who transferred the physical loan documents, and the date of transfer. Defendants further argue plaintiff failed to establish authorization for the issuance of the Anderson Certification because it failed to provide any confirming evidence ofDiTech’s authority to serve as is its attorney-in-fact.


Plaintiff [*5] counters that Anderson had sufficient personal knowledge to satisfy Rule 1:6-6 because she reviewed defendants’ loan file, which contained business records maintained during the ordinary course of business, citing Wells Fargo Bank v. Ford, 418 N.J. Super. 592, 600 (App. Div. 2011)

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andN.J.R.E. 803(c)(6). Furthermore, plaintiff states Anderson certified that plaintiff acquired the note and mortgage in November 2011, prior to its filing the foreclosure complaint, and because an endorsement in blank permits the note to be transferred and negotiated by delivery alone to a bearer, Bank of N.Y. v. Raftogianis, 418 N.J. Super. 323, 336 (Ch. Div. 2010), it demonstrated it was the holder of the note and mortgage. In the alternative, plaintiff argues it also satisfies the requirements of a “non-holder in possession with the rights of a holder.” SeeN.J.S.A. 12A:3-203(b).


In order to have standing to foreclose a mortgage, a party “must own or control the underlying debt.” Raftogianis, supra, 418 N.J. Super.at 327-28. [Editor’s Note: This key factor is usually completely overlooked as the banks, through misdirection, maintain focus on the paper instrument and not the underlying debt. The importance of this error cannot be overstated.

If the Payee on a note does not own the underlying debt (because it never paid for the loan) then it is an inescapable conclusion that the debt is NOT merged into the note.

As such the note and mortgage become floating instrument without foundation; but it is possible for a holder in due course to claim its status by virtue of purchase of the note and mortgage instruments for value (a requirement in Article 9, UCC) in good faith and without knowledge of the maker’s defenses.

ONLY a holder in due course can escape the defense of failure of consideration thus no consummation of contract.]


To establish such ownership or control, plaintiff must present properly authenticated evidence that it is the holder of the note or a non-holder in possession with rights of the holder under N.J.S.A. 12A:3-301. Wells Fargo Bank,supra, 418N.J. Super.at 597-99. Transfer of possession must be “authenticated by an affidavit or certification based on personal knowledge.” Id. at 600; [*6] see alsoR. 1:6-6.


Following our review of the motion record, we conclude plaintiff failed to establish, as a matter of law, that it acquired ownership or control of the note to maintain the foreclosure action. Most notably, plaintiff failed to produce a power of attorney document evidencing its legal relationship with DiTech. See N.J.S.A. 46:2B-8.9 (“A power of attorney must be in writing, duly signed and acknowledged in the manner set forth in [N.J.S.A.] 46:14-2.1.”). Furthermore, the Anderson Certification failed to identify the note’s physical location or state details concerning the note’s physical delivery. See e.g.,Raftogianis, supra, 418 N.J. Super.at 330-32 (describing how, in the absence of proof that one is a note holder, a transferee could still “have the right to enforce the note” through physical delivery).[4] [Editor’s Note: If they can’t describe the physical location of the note (and the chain of custody?) they obviously cannot claim possession or delivery.]


Moreover, plaintiff failed to properly authenticate the documents it relied upon to establish its status as a holder. A certification will support the grant of

summary judgment only if the material facts alleged therein are based, as required by Rule 1:6-6, on “personal knowledge.”SeeClaypotch v. Heller, Inc., 360 N.J. Super. 472, 489 (App. Div. 2003). Anderson’s certification does not allege she has personal knowledge that plaintiff is the holder and owner of the note, and has possessed the original note [*7] and mortgage since April 23, 2014. Instead, the basis of her certification is “my personal review of the [p]laintiff’s relevant business records,” without identifying those records or how she acquired knowledge of plaintiff’s record- keeping practices.


The certification also does not indicate the source of Anderson’s alleged knowledge that “all of the documents included” in plaintiff’s summary judgment motion are “true and correct copies,” except to generally reference “my personal review of the business records.”


Like Wells Fargo Bank, here “the purported assignment of the mortgage, which an assignee must produce to maintain a foreclosure action, see N.J.S.A. 46:9-9, was not authenticated in any manner;” rather, it was attached to plaintiff’s motion. The trial court should not have considered this document unless it was authenticated by an affidavit or certification based on personal knowledge. SeeCelino v. Gen. Accident Ins., 211 N.J. Super. 538, 544 (App. Div. 1986). As noted, the assignment was not made by Decision One, as payee of the promissory notes secured by the mortgage, but rather by MERS, “as nominee for Decision One.” Although the mortgage appointed MERS as plaintiff’s nominee, the record contains evidence that Decision One ceased operating in [*8] 2007, long before the purported assignment of defendant’s mortgage on November 9, 2011.


Therefore, we question whether Decision One’s designation of MERS as its nominee remained in effect after it ceased operations. On remand, the trial court should address the question of whether MERS remained the nominee of Decision One or its successor as of the date of its purported assignment of defendant’s note and mortgage to plaintiff.

Because plaintiff did not establish its standing to

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pursue this foreclosure action by competent evidence, we vacate the order granting summary judgment to plaintiff and remand the case to the trial court. On remand, defendants may conduct appropriate discovery, including taking the deposition of Anderson and Dominique Johnson, the person who purported to assign the mortgage to plaintiff on behalf of MERS.


Accordingly, we vacate the summary judgment entered in favor of plaintiff and remand to the trial court for further proceedings in conformity with this opinion. We do not retain jurisdiction.

[1] Defendants also appeal from the final judgment entered on September 26, 2016; however, our reversal of the grant of summary judgment makes it unnecessary to address [*9] defendants’ challenge to the final judgment.

[2] The mortgage named Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. (MERS) as the nominee for Decision One, its successors and assigns.

[3] The record lacks documentation evidencing the assignment’s recording.

[4] Because Decision One, as the payee of defendant’s note, was a holder, and it allegedly transferred the note to plaintiff without an indorsement, plaintiff may have acquired the status of a nonholder in possession of the note with the status of a holder. SeeWells Fargo Bank, supra, 418 N.J. Super.at 599 (citing 6B Anderson on the Uniform Commercial Code §§ 3-203:4R, 5R, 9R, 10R, 11R (Lawrence ed., 3d ed. 2003)).


8 Responses

  1. @ ALL

    I’ll carry water for and to Michael Bazemore, who is on the forefront of the battle and obviously does much heavy lifting for the benefit of the many.


  2. The attorney is lou simoni. The best of the best

  3. Can you imagine all these fake servicers are getting free money every month.How can these fraudsters (servicers) be so lucky and law is on there side.That is a lot of free money.Wish I could be so lucky.

  4. who is the attorney? I cannot locate the case? thanks.


  5. Does the servicer Bank of America(who was the originator) and still today calls themselves the lender, need to have an assignment of mortgage to the creditor Fannie Mae, who also calls itself the investor and owner of mortgage ???

    Or assignment of mortgage between the back and forth bank of america home loans , BAC NA, BANK OF AMERICA NA and Bank of America NA (notice the capital letters and lower case)

  6. here is the opinion from below…

  7. Illinois App. Court Holds Pleading Plaintiff is ‘Mortgagee’ Sufficient Under Illinois Mortgage Foreclosure Law
    May 24, 2016


    The Appellate Court of Illinois, First District, recently held in Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. v. Mundie, 2016 IL App (1st) 152931 that an allegation that the plaintiff is a “mortgagee” under the Illinois Mortgage Foreclosure Law (IMFL) is sufficient to plead its capacity to sue.

    “Section 15-1208 of the IMFL defines a “mortgagee” as “(i) the holder of an indebtedness or obligee of a non-monetary obligation secured by a mortgage or any person designated or authorized to act on behalf of such holder and (ii) any person claiming through a mortgagee as successor.” 735 ILCS 5/15-1208

    Read the article and opinion… more awful stuff that the Appellate Court allows banks to sue without proof!

  8. ANON- I think you are familiar w this issue in NJ- I am right over in PA, look
    Forward to your take
    On this.

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