Semantics: What a difference a word makes — Creditor — Trustee

Using the voluminous amount of feedback to Livinglies.wordpress.com, some observations about the words you use in litigation and in your correspondence, QWR and DVL might well be of some assistance.

  1. CREDITOR: It seems that using the word creditor has much more power than lender, pretender lender or even holder in due course. I’ve been told that the word “creditor” conveys a relationship of business vs. consumer that is a lot closer to the truth than “lender” which implies that the party who initiated the foreclosure was a bank and that the homeowner is trying to get out of a legitimate debt. A creditor is one who has advanced money, goods or services with the intention of getting it back through the payment of money, the delivery of services or goods or the return of what was extended by the creditor. The simple statement is that the Plaintiff (in judicial states) or party initiating foreclosure proceedings is NOT the creditor and that the obligation you signed for calls for you to pay money to the creditor, not the opposing party in your foreclosure. The party you are up against has advanced no funds, goods or services. Thus they are not the creditor. Ask them in open court if you need to do so. Yet they want the court to pretend that they are a creditor anyway — or phrased another way, they want to assert that they have the right to collect on the obligation and foreclose on the home even though they are NOT the creditor. If their position is that they are foreclosing on behalf of the creditor, your answer would be that they must then disclose the creditor and name them as nominal plaintiffs, and show how they, as non-creditors, have the right to sue on behalf of the creditor. You must be given the chance to inquire in discovery whether this revelation is in fact the creditor and if so, you must be given a chance under Federal Law to attempt modification or mediation with the real decision-maker — i.e., the creditor. BEWARE: Attorney representations in or out of court are not evidence and should be objected to, pointing out that such representations raise an issue of fact that you deny and therefore you have a right to at least inquire through discovery the truth or falsehood of those representations.
  2. SPV MBS POOL: There are at least two pools of assets in every securitization scheme involving home mortgages — the aggregator’s pool which is made up of multiple assets usually all home mortgages, and the SPV or MBS Pool which receives an assignment from the aggregator. Don’t use the word “TRUST” to describe the second pool (the one that goes into the pool of assets that is then fractionally sold to buyers of certificates in which the ownership is conveyed in fractional interests and the promise to pay comes from the SPV in the form of a note or bond). Since the SPV or MBS pool is part of a REMIC transaction, it may be fairly assumed and argued that the equitable and legal owners of the assets in the pool are actually the certificate holders. In addition, the holders of a certificate are not described as beneficiaries, which would be the words associated with a trust. Since the SPV pool is a REMIC (Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduit)under the Internal Revenue Code the reference to the existence of a trust is a reference in name only. In fact, there is no trust and there are no beneficiaries. The owners of the pool are quite clearly the certificate holders of mortgage backed securities (MBS). The pool is owned by those owners of the certificates not by some non-existent trust.
  3. AGENT With Limited Power of Attorney: Examination of the enabling documents in their totality clearly shows that the party named as “Trustee” is not a trustee and has no trustee powers. This was done intentionally by the investment banks so that they could avoid the implication of a fiduciary duty of a Trustee, which would have included telling the investors the truth about the crap they were buying. So you might want to say that (a) there is no trust, there is just a pool owned by investors. (b) You might want to say the Conduit status of the SPV (Special Purpose Vehicle) mandates that no actual transactions are occurring in the name of the REMIC (SPV) or else it loses its “tax-exempt” status, something that would be contrary to the interests of the investors. (c) you might want to say that therefore there is nothing in any trust, so even if it DID exist, it has no assets. And (d) you might want to say that the party designated as “TRUSTEE is in reality merely an agent for the certificate holders and that the indentures or enabling documents simply appoint the Agent to act with limited power of attorney under certain circumstances. Remember that neither the “TRUSTEE” nor the “TRUST” ever physically receives the notes, mortgages or assignment or any other pieces of paper except for the mortgage backed security. The paper is held elsewhere, which is where the investment banks actually had the opportunity to trade and bet on those securities, since they were the ones (directly or indirectly) who always controlled the possession and distribution of the actual notes, mortgages, assignments or other paper documents.

More to come

6 Responses

  1. An interesting definition of “creditor.” A “creditor” is someone to whom one owes a debt – i.e., someone who has a legally enforceable claim against you for the payment of money. In fact, the fraudulent transfer statutes usually go even further, and allow for contingent and unmatured claims as well as fixed and matured claims. There is no requirement that the person have provided directly to the debtor goods, services, or anything else of value.

    If that were the case, then the entire law of negotiable instruments falls apart and becomes unenforceable because the whole and entire point of negotiable instruments is to allow the original holder of a negotiable instrument to sell it to someone else who could then enforce the instrument against its maker once it matured and became due.

    In other words, your checkbook wouldn’t be worth a hill of beans.

  2. What happens in a construction to permanent loan when a construction loan rider is recorded stating that there is a construction mortgage. It is wrapped in the trust deed and the builder is listed on the construction loan agreement which is the security agreement for the construction mortgage. What can the builder do because the bank is screaming that their trust deed has priority, but they are the ones that drew up the construction mortgage and construction loan agreement with the builders name. The borrower defaulted. I need an attorney that “gets it” and I am in Oregon.

  3. On the issue of Creditor /Lender where can a person obtain proof that the banks are the borrowers and not the lender?
    These banks file a 1099 after they allegedly claim they lent you money and after 3 years they do a 1099A to collect the funds you actually lent them if you don’t claim it from the IRS.

  4. Any thoughts about an Assignment of Note that states “borrowers are Trustors”? Does the term Trustor have any meaning and offer to the issuer/borrower any remedy?

  5. What is a person to do when due process failure transcends the entire system? I’m only one of thousands of real property owners who do the required research to save our homes, only to find that we are unqualified to pass the threshold, truth be told we have no advocates. I’ve been to court twice in my life and found that in each instance, there was no trier of truth in fact and law.

    My corresponding loan number was in a 2007 10K file related to Washington Mutual. The depositor, transferor, and seller of the certificates were all subsidiaries of WM (WMMSC & WMAAC). BofA was not named in the documents, but LaSalle was named as both custodian and trustee of the trust.

    A report issued by WMMSC in 7/2009 showed my loan was active any paying monthly to investors.

    All of a sudden, BofA ‘acquired’ title of my property and filed an unlawful detainer claiming that their title was ‘duly perfected’ and could not be disputed, claiming standing as ‘successor by merger’ to LaSalle.

    Undoubtedly, this is the equivalent of the butler becoming the owner of his master’s property grounded on nothing more than hearsay.

    The truth is, TARP funds were poured into our state and federal judicial systems to fast-track litigation that merely favors the ‘lender’s’ circus of clowns, and the promotion of public access is only lip-service. I’ve seen the pro se mocked in open court and quiclky labelled a ‘vexatious litigant when the truth is just the opposite.

    In fact, at the conclusion of each of my cases, the judges passed laws ex post facto based largely on hearsay, and successfully transformed an owner of real property into a renter in an instant action.

    If it weren’t so serious it would be a comedy of errors, and I’d laugh until I cried. Tragically, it is, and I do

  6. Mers was named nominee on the mortgage and filed at the Register Of Deeds in Greenville SC, supposedily according to a lost note affidivat the original lender RBMG sold the note and according to MERS servicer ID the loan was transfered off of the MERS system and MIN# deactivated because of a sale to a non-mers member in 2002. NO ASSIGNMENT WAS RECORDED.Now the new owner EMC sold the loan to Bear Stearns which deposited into the Asset Backed Securites which did an assignment/sell to JP MORGAN CHASE as trustee. Now there has been a foreclosure started on the loan in March 2009 by The Bank OF New York Mellon as successor trustee for JP MORGAN CHASE who claims to be the real party in interest and hold the note. By way Of an assignment which was recorded at the ROD after the LIS-PENDENS and after the filing of complaint.Here is more fraud because the assignment was from MERS on behalf of the original lender RBMG which is defunct and has been since 2005 to the THE BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON. MERS has no authority to do an assignment because the loan was transferred from them in 2002 and Mers was Longer the mortgagee as nominee of record.Now are you with me( no chain of title) the BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON produced in discovery to me an allonge RBMG to EMC along with the lost note affidivat. EMC showed an allonge to JP MORGAN CHASE which skipped BEAR STEARNS. BEAR STEARNS was the depositer into the securities. First let start with the allonges: according to the UCC an allonge is only used when there is NO ROOM ON THE ORIGINAL NOTE FOR ENDORSEMENT and must be firmly attached as to become a part of the note. AN ALLONGE cannot be used to transfer interest and is invalid if there is room on the note for endorsements and is invalid it not attached. A lost note and two allonges that were not signed and not dated and even skipped BEAR STEARNS that desposited it into the securities is the purported chain of title , now let’s look at the prospectus:Bear Stearns Asset Backed Securities Inc · 424B5 · Bear Stearns Asset Backed Certificates Series 2003-2 · On 6/30/03
    Document 1 of 1 · 424B5 · Prospectus
    . Assignment of the Mortgage Loans; Repurchase At the time of issuance of the certificates, the depositor will cause the mortgage loans, together with all principal and interest due with respect to such mortgage loans after the cut-off date to be sold to the trust. The mortgage loans in each of the mortgage loan groups will be identified in a schedule appearing as an exhibit to the pooling and servicing agreement with each mortgage loan group separately identified. Such schedule will include information as to the principal balance of each mortgage loan as of the cut-offdate, as well as information including, among other things, the mortgage rate,the borrower’s monthly payment and the maturity date of each mortgage note. In addition, the depositor will deposit with Wells Fargo Bank Minnesota, National Association, as custodian and agent for the trustee, the following documents with respect to each mortgage loan: (a) except with respect to a MOM loan, the original mortgage note, endorsed without recourse in the following form: “Pay to the order of JPMorgan Chase Bank, as S-40——————————————————————————–
    trustee for certificateholders of Bear Stearns Asset Backed Securities, Inc., Asset-Backed Certificates, Series 2003-2 without recourse,” with all intervening endorsements, to the extent available, showing a complete chain of endorsement from the originator to the seller or, if the original mortgage note is unavailable to the depositor, a photocopy thereof, if available, together with a lost note affidavit; (b) the original recorded mortgage or a photocopy thereof, and if the related mortgage loan is a MOM loan, noting the applicable mortgage identification number for that mortgage loan; (c) except with respect to a mortgage loan that is registered on the MERS(R) System, a duly executed assignment of the mortgage to “JPMorgan Chase Bank, as trustee for certificateholders of Bear Stearns Asset Backed Securities, Inc., Asset-Backed Certificates, Series 2003-2, without recourse;” in recordable form, as described in the pooling and servicing agreement; (d) originals or duplicates of all interim recorded assignments of such mortgage, if any and if available to the depositor; (e) the original or duplicate original lender’s title policy or, in the event such original title policy has not been received from the insurer, such original or duplicate original lender’s title policy shall be delivered within one year of the closing date or, in the event such original lender’s title policy is unavailable, a photocopy of such title policy or, in lieu thereof, a current lien search on the related property; and (f) the original or a copy of all available assumption, modification or substitution agreements, if any. In general, assignments of the mortgage loans provided to the custodian on behalf of the trustee will not be recorded in the appropriate public office for real property records, based upon an opinion of counsel to the effect that such recording is not required to protect the trustee’s interests in the mortgage loan against the claim of any subsequent transferee or any successor to or creditor of the depositor or the seller, or as to which the rating agencies advise that the omission to record therein will not affect their ratings of the offered certificates. In connection with the assignment of any mortgage loan that is registered on the MERS(R) System, the depositor will cause the MERS(R) System to indicate that those mortgage loans have been assigned by EMC to the depositor and by the depositor to the trustee by including (or deleting, in the case of repurchased mortgage loans) in the computer files (a) the code in the field which identifies the trustee and (b) the code in the field “Pool Field” which identifies the series of certificates issued. Neither the depositor nor the master servicer will alter these codes (except in the case of a repurchased mortgage loan). A “MOM loan” is any mortgage loan as to which, at origination, Mortgage Electronic Registration Systems, Inc. acts as mortgagee, solely as nominee for the originator of that mortgage loan and its successors and assigns. S-41——————————————————————————–
    The custodian on behalf of the trustee will perform a limited review of the mortgage loan documents on or prior to the closing date or in the case of any document permitted to be delivered after the closing date, promptly after the custodian’s receipt of such documents and will hold such documents in trust for the benefit of the holders of the certificates. In addition, the seller will make representations and warranties in the pooling and servicing agreement as of the cut-off date in respect of the mortgage loans. The depositor will file the pooling and servicing agreement containing such representations and warranties with the Securities and Exchange Commission in a report on Form 8-K following the closing date. After the closing date, if any document is found to be missing or defective in any material respect, or if a representation or warranty with respect to any mortgage loan is breached and such breach materially and adversely affects the interests of the holders of the certificates in such mortgage loan, the custodian, on behalf of the trustee, is required to notify the seller in writing. If the seller cannot or does not cure such omission,defect or breach within 90 days of its receipt of notice from the custodian, theseller is required to repurchase the related mortgage loan from the trust fund at a price equal to 100% of the stated principal balance thereof as of the date of repurchase plus accrued and unpaid interest thereon at the mortgage rate to the first day of the month following the month of repurchase. In addition, if the obligation to repurchase the related mortgage loan results from a breach of the seller’s representations regarding predatory lending, the seller will be obligated to pay any resulting costs and damages incurred by the trust. Rather than repurchase the mortgage loan as provided above, the seller may remove such mortgage loan from the trust fund and substitute in its place another mortgage loan of like characteristics; however, such substitution is only permitted within two years after the closing date. With respect to any repurchase or substitution of a mortgage loan that is not in default or as to which a default is not imminent, the trustee must have received a satisfactory opinion of counsel that such repurchase or substitution will not cause the trust fund to lose the status of its REMIC.
    I’m not a MOM loan the loan transferred off of MERS, Mers no longer tracked the assignments and let’s not forget I HAVE IN MY POSSESSION THE ORIGINAL NOTE STAMPED FULLY PAID AND SATISFIED NEGOTIATED TO ME FROM RBMG. The note is date stamped MARCH 2002 and has been in my possession since 2004 along with a letter from the RBMG stating the loan is fully paid and satisfied address to me which is the declaritory letter. Come on let’s put these people where they belong…. Federal prison.

    In response to Trustee… In my case the Bank of New York Mellon was successor trustee to JP Morgan Chase as trustee.

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